Canterbury Provincial Ordinances
3. The Diversion of Roads Ordinance 1860.
Whereas by an Act of the Parliament of New Zealand, passed in the Twenty-first and Twenty-second years of the reign of her Majesty Queen Victoria, entituled "The Highways and Watercourses Diversion Act, 1858," it was enacted "That it shall be lawful for the Superintendent of any Province, with the advice and consent of the Provincial Council thereof, by any Law or Ordinance to be made or ordained for that purpose, to authorise and empower the Superintendent to divert or stop up any public street, road, highway, or thoroughfare in any such Province, and also to divert or stop up any river, stream, or creek in such
Province, and to build bridges, dams, wharves, and other erections on the banks or in the beds of any such river, stream, or creek, as also to sell, exchange, or otherwise dispose of the land over which any such public street, road, highway, or thoroughfare was laid out or passed, or the bed of any river, stream, or creek so diverted or stopped up: And Whereas certain roads or parts of roads which hve been or may hereafter be laid out in various parts of the Province of Canterbury are not or may not be required as public highways: And Whereas it
is necessary that new roads should, from time to time, be laid out and constructed, parts whereof may pass through land being the property of private individuals, and it is expedient that some provision should be made for the closing up of such highways as may no longer be required, and for the disposal
of the land occupied thereby, and also for fixing the amount of compensation
to which any person may become entitled in respect of
any damage done to his
property by the construction of any road passing through the same:
Be it therefore enacted by the Superintendent of the said Province, by and
with the consent of the Provincial Council thereof as follows:—
1. Diversion to be by Special Ordinance.
Except as hereinafter provided, no public road shall be closed up or
diverted, and no new line of road shall be laid out or constructed,
any private lands, except under the authority of a special Ordinance of the
Superintendent and Provincial Council.
2. All such Bills to be published in the “Government Gazette,” and to be served upon all persons interested in the lands over which the road is proposed to be carried.
Every Bill for closing up or diverting any public road, or for carrying any
public road through any private lands, shall be published
in the Government
Gazette of the Province, and a copy of such Gazette shall, not less than thirty
days previously to the introduction
of any such Bill into the Provincial
Council, be served upon every person resident in the Province, having any estate
in any lands fronting upon or crossed by any such road proposed to
be diverted or closed, or in any lands over which any such new
road is proposed
to be carried.
3. Service of copies of “Gazette.”
Such copy of the Government Gazette shall be served upon such person either
personally, or by leaving the same at his or her last
or usual place of abode,
if any such can, by diligent enquiry, be found; and in case such person shall be
absent from the Province,
or cannot, upon diligent enquiry, be found, the
Superintendent shall cause a notice to be published in all the Newspapers of the
Province, stating that such a copy of the Gazette is left at the Office of the
Provincial Secretary, and will be given to such person,
or to any Agent or
Attorney lawfully acting in his or her behalf, upon application for the
4. Superintendent may cause highways to be constructed over private lands on certain conditions.
It shall be lawful for the Superintendent at any time to cause a public highway to be laid out and constructed through any private lands, upon receiving from every person having any estate or interest therein, or from his or her Attorney or Agent lawfully authorised in that behalf, a Deed, duly executed in the form or to the effect set forth in the Schedule hereunto annexed. And every such Deed shall be published in the Government Gazette of the Province.
5. And thenceforth such lands to vest in her Majesty.
From and after the execution of any such Deed, or on a day to be named in any
Special Ordinance as aforesaid, the land described in
such Deed or Ordinance
shall thenceforth vest in her Majesty and her Successors as demesne lands of the
Crown, and there shall be
a public highway through and over such land.
6. In case public roads passing through private property be closed up, such roads to become part of such property.
If any public road shall be closed up, passing through any private property, the land occupied by such road shall become a part of such property, and shall become vested in the Owner or Owners thereof, in the same manner and subject to the same trust as the remaining part of such property: And if any public road shall be closed up, not passing through any private property, the land occupied
by such road shall be deemed to be waste lands of the Crown, and shall be
dealt with accordingly.
7. Compensation allowed for damage sustained.
Every person who shall suffer any damage in respect of any public road which
shall be closed up or diverted, or in respect of any
new road which shall by
virtue of any such Special Ordinance as aforesaid, be carried through any
private lands in which such person
shall have any estate or interest, shall be
entitled to receive compensation for such damage to an amount to be ascertained
or more Justices of the Peace in the manner hereinafter provided.
8. Notices of claims for compensation.
If any person shall, at any time within one year after his claim shall have
arisen by the passing of any such Special Ordinance, apply
to any Justice of the
Peace by a notice, in writing, signed by himself or his Agent lawfully
authorised in that behalf, setting forth
the nature and amount of such claim,
such Justice of the Peace shall thereupon issue a Public Notice stating that
such claim will
be heard before two or more Justice of the Peace, at a meeting
to be held at a time and place to be set forth in such Notice, not
fourteen days after the issue thereof, and the Claimant shall, seven days at
least before such meeting, send a copy of
such Notice to the
9. Justices to determine such claims.
It shall be lawful for any two or more Justices assembled at such meeting, in case such claim shall not exceed Fifty Pounds, and for any three or more Justices, in case such claim shall exceed Fifty Pounds in amount, to hear and determine the said claim, and for that purpose to examine, upon oath, all such Witnesses who may appear to oppose the said claim: And the order of such Justices, or a majority of them, shall be final and conclusive as to the amount of compensation.
10. Claims of above £50 submitted to valuation.
If any such claim shall exceed Fifty Pounds in amount, the Justice to whom
the said application shall be made, shall, by writing under
his hand and seal
appoint a competent person or persons to survey and value the land in question,
and to estimate the damage sustained
by reason of the proposed closing up,
diverting, or making of any road as aforesaid; and such claim shall not be
determined by the
Justices assembled at any such meeting, unless such person or
persons shall appear thereat and be examined, upon oath, touching such
damage as aforesaid.
11. Surveyor’s declaration.
Every such Valuator so appointed, shall, before making such valuation as
aforesaid, make and subscribe, in the presence of such Justices
of the Peace,
the following Declaration at the foot of the said Appointment, that is to
I, A.B. do solemnly and sincerely declare that I will faithfully,
impartially, and honestly, according to the best of my skill and
executed the duty of making the valuation hereby referred to me.
Made and subscribed in the presence of
12. Consideration in determining the amount of compensation.
In determining the amount of such compensation, regard shall be had by such Justices, not only to the value of the land to be occupied by any such new road, and to the damage (if any) arising from the severance of land thereby, and to the damage (if any) arising from the closing up or alteration of any rights of way affording access thereto, but regard shall also be had to the increase (if any) in the value of such land arising from the alteration or closing up of such road, or
the laying out of such new road, and also to the value of lands (if any)
which shall be added to such property under the 6th Clause
13. Costs of enquiry.
The costs of any such enquiry shall be in the direction of such Justices, and
they shall adjudge the amount.
14. Compensation to be paid as the Justices direct.
All compensation and costs to be paid under the authority of this Ordinance
shall be paid to such persons and in such manner as such
Order of the Justices
15. To be paid out of the Public Revenues.
It shall be lawful for the Superintendent, and he is hereby required to issue
and pay out of any sum set apart by the Council for
that purpose, all such sums
as shall be awarded by such Justices, to the person or persons and in the manner
by them directed, by
way of compensation or costs in respect of land taken for a
public road under the authority of any such Special Ordinance as
16. Compensation subject to trusts and charges.
All compensation paid under the authority of this Ordinance shall be subject
to the same trusts and charges as the land in respect
of which such compensation
shall have arisen.
17. Compensation may be paid in waste lands.
If any person entitled to compensation under this Ordinance shall accept in
satisfaction thereof a Grant of waste lands of the Crown
under the 42nd Clause
of the "Waste Land Regulations" now in force within the said Province, such
Grant shall be a complete discharge
of the claim for such compensation to all
intents and purposes whatsoever.
18. Interpretation clause.
The word "person" in this Ordinance shall be taken, in the case of a Corporation aggregate, to mean the principal Manager or Director of such Corporation, and in the case of a Lunatic or Idiot, to mean the Committee of such Lunatic or Idiot;
and in the case of any cestui qui trusts, to mean the Trustees: And the word
"road" shall be taken to include any public street,
road, highway. bridlepath,
footpath or thoroughfare, and any river, stream, creek, bridge, culvert,
embankment, ditch, or other works
necessary to the construction or maintenance
of the line of such road.
This Ordinance shall be entituled and may be cited as "The Diversion of Roads
Ordinance, Session XI., No. 3."
Know all Men by these presents that I (or we) [here insert the name of Owner or other person having an interest in the lands] of [insert place of abode] being [insert nature of interest, eg. seized in fee simple] of that part of rural (or town) section of land numbered on the Map of the Chief Surveyor of the Province of Canterbury [here insert description of the land to be occupied by the new road] and delineated and colored brown in the Plan drawn in the margin hereof, for valuable consideration, to hereby dedicate the said land to the public, to the
intent that the same may for ever hereafter be used as and be a public highway
(or drain) to all intents and purposes whatsoever.
In Testimony Whereof I have hereunto set my hand and seal this day of
Signed, sealed, and delivered by the abovenamed
In the presence of us
This Ordinance was passed by the Canterbury Provincial Council, and
assented to by the Superintendent on 3rd January 1860.